Figure A.1
International Detailed Cost Index (By Operation)
  North America Europe Asia Pacific
Industry Lethbridge Canada US France Germany Italy Netherlands UK Australia Japan
R&D
Biotechnology 82.4 87.7 100.0 95.9 102.1 98.3 84.9 92.2 97.1 102.7
Clinical Trials 81.2 84.1 100.0 78.9 109.0 102.1 90.1 89.9 98.3 104.4
Product Testing 76.4 81.5 100.0 88.1 95.4 93.3 80.0 85.7 90.0 93.6
Software
Software Design 86.4 87.1 100.0 99.1 102.1 102.0 93.6 91.9 98.0 99.0
Digital Entertainment 81.5 76.2 100.0 90.9 102.0 96.0 90.6 86.8 95.4 97.3
Manufacturing
Aerospace 96.7 96.5 100.0 98.0 99.2 99.3 95.7 99.8 100.4 98.4
Agri-Food 97.8 96.3 100.0 99.3 100.7 100.2 97.0 94.9 101.3 99.0
Automotive 97.0 97.0 100.0 99.2 101.5 100.1 97.4 97.2 100.9 100.5
Chemicals 96.1 96.6 100.0 99.4 101.3 99.4 97.5 96.1 99.4 100.3
Electronics 95.4 95.8 100.0 98.5 100.2 98.7 96.1 99.0 99.2 100.5
Green Energy 97.4 96.1 100.0 98.5 101.7 102.5 97.4 97.7 101.2 98.3
Medical Devices 94.1 94.6 100.0 97.2 100.2 97.4 95.0 94.8 99.3 98.9
Metal Components 97.3 96.2 100.0 99.4 101.8 100.1 97.8 96.6 102.8 100.3
Pharmaceuticals 95.8 95.4 100.0 97.8 100.1 98.1 96.2 96.7 99.3 100.1
Plastics 98.8 97.1 100.0 100.6 103.5 102.3 99.2 97.8 105.5 100.7
Precision Manufacturing 97.8 96.9 100.0 99.3 101.1 100.5 98.1 96.6 99.9 98.5
Telecommunications 94.9 95.6 100.0 98.0 100.4 98.1 96.2 96.4 99.4 99.4
Corporate Services
Professional Services 78.6 82.1 100.0 94.3 96.5 95.7 85.7 92.1 91.7 96.6
Support Services 88.3 92.0 100.0 100.1 103.7 91.3 92.4 83.3 103.4 100.1
Overall Result 92.5 92.8 100.0 97.4 100.9 98.8 94.5 94.6 99.3 99.2